A world-first scientific breakthrough in pregnancy research is expected to save thousands of lives through preventing miscarriages.

Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute announced the breakthrough discovering a major cause of miscarriages and multiple birth defects. The medical breakthrough has identified a cause and an affordable cure for miscarriage and multiple birth defects that will revolutionise how women prepare for pregnancy.

 A key finding revealed that Vitamin B3 can cure molecular deficiencies which cause miscarriages and birth defects.

The study revealed that miscarriages could be prevented with the use of Vitamin B3 or otherwise known as niacin supplements. These are intended to prevent miscarriages and birth defects caused by the deficiency in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD).  A dietary supplement within Vegemite could help in preventing miscarriages as it contains Vitamin B3 which is necessary for a healthy baby.

Based on the study, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is one of the most important molecule in all living cells. It is essential for the production of energy, DNA repair and the communication between cells. If there is a disruption in its production, there could be deficiency of NAD or otherwise known as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.

According to the study of Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute with Professor Sally Dunwoodie, 7.9 million babies are born with a birth defect worldwide. This include heart, spinal, kidney and cleft palate problems in newborn babies. To prevent this, there should be an ample amount of resources to prevent these birth defects that happen around the world.

According to the Executive Director of the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, Professor Robert Graham, the implications are profound.

“Just like we now use folate to prevent spina bifida, Professor Dunwoodie’s research suggests that it is probably best for women to start taking vitamin B3 very early on, even before they become pregnant. This will change the way pregnant women are cared for around the world,” said Professor Graham.

“We believe that this breakthrough will be one of our country’s greatest medical discoveries. It’s extremely rare to discover the problem and provide a preventive solution at the same time. It’s actually a double breakthrough,” said Professor Graham.


  • 1 in 4 pregnant women will suffer a miscarriage
  • 7.9 million babies are born with a serious birth defect worldwide every year
  • 3.3 million children under five die from serious birth defects annually
  • Congenital heart disease is the most common form of birth defect, affecting 1 in 100 babies
  • 42 babies are born with a heart defect in Australia every week
  • 30 babies will undergo heart surgery in Australia every week
  • Heart defects account for 30% of deaths in children under five

Miscarriages occur due to several factors which could induce the miscarriage to stressors that the woman is exposed to. For women who develop gestational diabetes, the intake of certain vitamins or food supplements is necessary during the pregnancy. 

Birth defects could also develop if there is no proper nutrition for the baby. Therefore, it is necessary to eat healthy so that the baby will be healthy too. Taking good care of the mother’s health during the process is necessary to keep the baby healthy in the womb as well.

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